Angles: Turns and Directions

1. Turns and Right Angles

A quarter turn  =  1 right angle

1
4
of a complete turn  =  90°


A half turn  =  2 right angles

1
2
of a complete turn  =  180°


A three-quarter turn  =  3 right angles

3
4
of a complete turn  =  270°


A complete turn  =  4 right angles

A complete turn  =  360°
square metre or square meter

2. Clockwise and Anti-clockwise Directions


The direction in which the hands of a clock move is known as the clockwise direction.


The direction of movement opposite to the hands of a clock is known as the anti-clockwise or counter-clockwise direction.

square metre or square meter

3. 8-Point Compass

The 8-point compass shows directions.

square metre or square meter

4. I am standing at a major crossroads as shown below in the image below.
Answer the questions that follow.

square metre or square meter
a)   I am facing north. Which place is to my east?
Answer: Beach
The arrow points to the north (N) of the compass.
b)   I am looking south. If I turn 45° in the clockwise direction, what will I be facing?
Answer: Supermarket

c)   I am facing the zoo. How many degrees in the anti-clockwise direction must I turn to face the school?
Answer: 135°

d)   I am facing south-west. Which place will I be facing if I turn 180°?
Answer: Train station

e)   After a three-quarter turn in the clockwise direction I end up facing the supermarket. Which direction was I facing at the start?
Answer: Museum

5. Fill in the blanks based on the image below.

square metre or square meter
a)   The ___________ is north-west of the basketball.
Answer: Soccer ball

b)   The ___________ is south-east of the soccer ball.
Answer: Basketball

c)   The ___________ are north-east of the soccer ball.
Answer: Swimming goggles

d)   The basketball is ____________ of the swimming goggles.
Answer: South

e)   The shuttlecock is ______________ of the swimming goggles.
Answer: South-east

f)   The boxing gloves are west of the ___________.
Answer: Soccer ball

g)   The soccer ball is south of the ____________.
Answer: Skates